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Removing changes on the skin

Various changes on the skin such as moles, warts, keratosis, stains, xanthelasmas, scars, lipomas, atheromas, fibromas can be not only an esthetic but often a health problem. If you have any of the aforementioned changes, you must have it examed by a surgeon who will determine what kind of the change it is and decide on the suitable method of its removal.

When he establishes the diagnosis, the surgeon, based on the nature and the size of the change, determines if it will be removed surgically, by using electrocautery, or radiowaves.


Moles are spotty changes on the skin that can be on the level of the skin or slightly arisen. They consist of cells that contain pigment (melanin), so they are usually brown. They are usually round, but there might be some variations there. The size goes from a couple of millimeters to several centimeters. Some people only have a few moles, but some people have hundreds of them.

In case a mole bothers you for aesthetic reasons, or you have noticed some changes on it, you can address a surgeon who will determine the best way of its removal. If there are any doubts that it could be a melanoma, histopathological analysis is done to prove or refute it.

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Warts are the changes on the skin in the shape of spotty bubbles or cones that are caused by different viruses. Currently, we know about 170 types of viruses that cause different kinds of warts. They can appear on all body parts, literally from head to toes. If they are situated on the face, fingers and toes, soles, around the neck, in the armpit, under the breasts they can cause various problems.

Some warts are completely benign, but some can cause cancer. That is why it is necessary to address a surgeon who will determine its nature and the best method of its removal.

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Keratosis is a benign yellow-brownish or black change on the skin, oval or circular shape, and rough surface. They most often appear after the age of 50. Its size can vary from a couple of millimeters to 2-3 centimeters. They appear in groups, and they are scattered on the body parts that sweat more, such as the face, neck, chest, back, and stomach.

They are categorized into seborrheic keratosis and keratosis pilaric ( which are benign) and actinic keratosis ( 20% of this type are precancerous conditions). That is why it is essential to address the doctor who will determine its nature and establish the best method for its removal.


Hyperpigmentation i.e. increased production of the pigment melanin under the influence of UV rays, is the cause of the appearance of dark stains on the face, neck, cleavage, hands, and some other parts of the body that are often exposed to the sun. Those are usually so-called „age spots“ that appear after the age of 40.

This group also includes melasma, which can appear with pregnant women and women that use oral contraception.

There is also postinflammatory hyperpigmentation which appears as a result of a skin injury or some skin disease that leaves behind the stains, such as acne.

What is the method for removing the stains will be determined by the doctor after the first exam.


Xanthelasmas are benign yellowish stratified layers, on skin level os slightly elevated, which appear in the inner corners of the eyes, and bottom eyelids. They consist of fat tissue and gigantic bubbly cells. They appear more often in women and they present an aesthetic problem that cannot be covered by make-up.

After the examination, the surgeon determines how to remove it. They are successfully removed using radiowaves.

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Scar correction

Some scars appeared due to the defective wound healing after surgery, which can be completely removed or whose visibility can be brought to a minimum. Those are usually scars in the area of the stomach, which are wide, hypertrophic, or kaleodic, that is which were made as a result of the excessive production of connective tissue during the wound healing.

If it is possible to remove the scar or decrease it and in what way, depends on the way it developed and its age, so the surgeon must examine it and determine further treatment.


Lipomas are benign growth on the skin, usually like a ball or half of a ball, which consists of fat tissue. These growths are soft and movable. They can appear on any part of the body. They grow very slowly, and usually, they do not cause any problems but aesthetics. The bigger ones may press a nerve in the body and in that way cause pain and tingling in that part of the body.

The surgeon determines the method of removal after the exam.


Athewomas are fat cysts that appear when one of the fat external canals is stuck. Differently of lipomas, they are smaller in size and harder. They mostly appear on the head, back, chest, and folding areas.

Atheromas may complicate when the bacteria come into it and cause infection, i.e. an inflammatory process, the production of pus, and dying out of the tissue. That kind of change can burst and bring out its content of a very unpleasant smell, so a regular change of the dressing and antibiotic therapy is necessary.

Atheromas are best removed before the redness and signs of infection appear. The method of removal is determined by the surgeon after the exam having in mind the size and the position of the change.


Soft fibromas are benign, soft growings of connective tissue, that hang on a little thread on the skin. They are usually several millimeters in diameter, although some grow up to several centimeters. They are the same color as the skin surrounding them, and they mostly appear on the neck, in the armpit, and on the groins. They are removed for aesthetic reasons, as well as for practical ones. If they are positioned in the place where they get irritated often, they can be harmed and bleed, so it is necessary to remove them.

After the exam, the surgeon determines the optimal removal method of soft fibromas. The most usual method is the use of radiowaves.

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