Breasts

Title:

Description:

Breasts

Breast augmentation surgery / silicone implant


Žena pre operacije grudi

It is very important for women to have a proportional figure. If their breasts are naturally underdeveloped or are noticeably different sizes ( i.e. asymmetric), the only way to solve these issues is surgical. Many women, after pregnancy and breastfeeding want to regain their previous breasts’ size, most women who turn to the plastic surgeon for help lack self-confidence, because they are not satisfied with the proportions of their figures, i.e. theis breasts look too small in compared to the width of shoulders, chest or hips. The most usual request is breast augmentation with silicone breast implants. the decision about the size and the shape of the implants is made by the patient and the plastic cosmetic together.


Why is breast augmentation done?

It is very important for women to have a proportional figure. If their breasts are naturally underdeveloped or are noticeably different sizes ( i.e. asymmetric), the only way to solve these issues is surgical. Many women, after pregnancy and breastfeeding want to regain their previous breasts’ size, most women who turn to the plastic surgeon for help lack self-confidence, because they are not satisfied with the proportions of their figures, i.e. theis breasts look too small in compared to the width of shoulders, chest or hips. The most usual request is breast augmentation with silicone breast implants. the decision about the size and the shape of the implants is made by the patient and the plastic cosmetic together.

Uvećanje grudi 1

What should you know before deciding to have silicone breast implants?

  • Silicone implants do not prevent breasts from “falling“. If that is the problem, the surgeon will suggest a breast lift as well.
  • The silicone implants that we use do not have an expiry date, but, due to the force of gravity, it is recommended to exchange the implants for the new ones in 10-15 years to keep the effect from the beginning.
  • The look of breasts with implants can change if you put on or lose a considerable amount of weight, or after pregnancy or breastfeeding. In that case, a new surgery is recommended
  • It is necessary to check regularly for silicone implant rupture. That is why you will have to scan the breasts annually, and it is recommended to have MR imaging once in five years.

What is the preparation for the breast augmentation procedure?

The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and included in the price. it includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and is included in the price. It includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.

It also includes :

  • Internist and cardiovascular examination with ECG
  • Lung X-ray with a radiologist's reportLung X-ray with radiologist's report
  • Clinical examination by an anesthesiologist.
  • Ultrasound breast exam – mammography
  • Exam by a surgical oncologist if necessary.

If you are a smoker, it is necessary to stop smoking a few weeks before the surgery because smoking negatively affects the circulation and the healing process of wounds, thus prolonging the recovery time.

You will need to stop taking aspirin and any anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen three to five days before the intervention because they affect increased bleeding. At the same time, you will need to start taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clogs.

What you need to know is that at least 6-8 hours before the planned surgery, you should stop taking any food or drinks. You need to remove nail polish or gel polish from your fingernails. It is necessary to remove the complete makeup from the face and any piercings and jewelry. Do not apply body cream 4-6 hours before the surgery.

It is necessary to bring personal hygiene items and a personal document with a picture (ID card or passport), complete medical documentation and any medications that are part of your chronic therapy.

Uvećanje grudi RADA

How is the operation of implanting silicone in the breast performed?

The surgery starts with putting the patient under general anesthesia. The method of surgery that the surgeon will use, the placement of the implant under the gland or the muscle, and the place of incision depend on the agreement that the surgeon and the patient made during the consultative examination before the surgery. On that occasion, the surgeon also marks the patient, i.e. he draws the lines on the patient along which he makes the incision. Our goal is to meet the patient’s requirements and achieve the desired effect as much as possible from the medical point of view.

The patient must make sure to wear a special elastic bra immediately before the surgery and during the recovery period.

The first dressing change and check-up are done three days after the surgery. Other dressing changes are appointed in agreement with the surgeon. The sutures are removed 14 days after the surgery.

You should not wear bras with wires for several months after the surgery. It is recommended to wear special bras for breasts with implants.

How long does breast augmentation surgery last?

Breast augmentation surgery lasts 60 to 90 minutes.

Uvećanje grudi 2

How long is the recovery after breast augmentation surgery?

Until the sutures are removed 14 days after the surgery, the patient is recommended to avoid any physical effort, work out, running, and such. However, the patient can go back to work and her usual life routines as soon as a couple of days after the surgery. Wearing a bra for all that time is suggested,

It is important to know that the scars must not be exposed to the sun or tanned in a tanning bed. In case you do sunbathe, cover the scar with a Band-Aid and apply sun cream with a high protection factor.

What can you feel after the surgery?

A few days after the surgery you can notice slight swelling and tension in the breast. Some patients temporarily lost the sensitivity of nipples. All the ailments will disappear within 7-14 days.

The scars will fade over time and become almost invisible.

Uvećanje grudi 3

Are there risks and undesirable outcomes?

As at any surgery, there can be some complications with breast augmentation surgery. Fortunately, those problems appear rarely when the surgery is done by an experienced expert in the field of cosmetic surgery. Risks of bleeding, infection and slow wound healing are practically eliminated when the surgery is done in a completely sterile environment following a strict protocol, which is the case at our clinic.

BREAST REDUCTION AND BREAST LIFT (with and without implants.)

Why is breast reduction done?

Big and saggy breasts can present both a big aesthetic and health problem. The breasts can cause pain as they pressure the spine and the neck by their size. Having oversized and saggy breasts can be a psychological problem as they can often look even repulsive. It can be a problem to find a bra, swimsuit, or even clothes that would not draw negative attention to you. Women with big breasts as if they weightlift all the time, so running and other sports activities are rather unimaginable for them. Another problem is sweating between and under breasts. On those points, skin irritation and often even fungal and bacterial infection might appear.

By breast reduction surgery, breasts are reconstructed ad lifted at the same time, which leads to a proportional figure and a great physical relief as well. Most of all, by this surgery, a woman finally gets an aesthetically beautiful, proportional, and attractive silhouette.

Podizanje grudi 1

How to know if you are a good candidate for breast reduction surgery:

You are a good candidate for breast reduction surgery if you cope with the following problems:

  • You are obsessed with your look and cannot stand the rude looks of others.
  • You have constant pain in your neck and back.
  • You breathe heavily while you sleep because you feel that your breasts “suffocate” you.
  • You cannot sleep on your stomach.
  • The bra straps cut into your skin, so you have “dents” on your shoulders.
  • You avoid sports activities.
  • You have problems finding the right size of bras, swimsuits, and clothes.

A breast reduction surgery is also done with teenage girls when there is a medical indication for it.

If you are planning a pregnancy and want to breastfeed, it is recommended to postpone the surgery. It is best to undergo the surgery after the breastfeeding period. Sometimes there is a possibility that the women who had breast reduction surgery are not able to breastfeed.

If you are obese/overweight and want to lose weight it is recommended to have breast reduction surgery after you have finished the process of losing weight, so the extra skin that appears then can be removed as well.

What is the preparation for breast reduction surgery?

The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and included in the price. it includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and is included in the price. It includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.

It also includes :

  • Internist and cardiovascular examination with ECG
  • Lung X-ray with a radiologist's reportLung X-ray with radiologist's report
  • Clinical examination by an anesthesiologist.
  • Ultrasound breast exam – mammography
  • Exam by a surgical oncologist if necessary.

If you are a smoker, it is necessary to stop smoking a few weeks before the surgery because smoking negatively affects the circulation and the healing process of wounds, thus prolonging the recovery time.

You will need to stop taking aspirin and any anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen three to five days before the intervention because they affect increased bleeding. At the same time, you will need to start taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clogs.

What you need to know is that at least 6-8 hours before the planned surgery, you should stop taking any food or drinks. You need to remove nail polish or gel polish from your fingernails. It is necessary to remove the complete makeup from the face and any piercings and jewelry. Do not apply body cream 4-6 hours before the surgery.

It is necessary to bring personal hygiene items and a personal document with a picture (ID card or passport), complete medical documentation and any medications that are part of your chronic therapy.

How is breast reduction surgery done?

During breast reduction surgery a part of fat and gland tissue and also the excess skin must be tightened. In some cases, both the areola and the nipple are moved so they fit in the new shape and size of the breasts.

There are several ways how to reduce and lift big breasts. During the consultative exam before the surgery, the surgeon will present the patient with all the options in her case, and he will decide on the type of surgical technique in agreement with her. The doctor will also do the marking, i.e. he will draw the lines along which he will make the incisions during the surgery. They will take a photo of you to compare the result of the surgery with the original state. Our goal is to enable the patient to have such breasts that she will look beautiful in any clothes, even in the smallest bikini.

The first dressing change and check-up are done three days after the surgery. Other dressing changes are appointed in agreement with the surgeon. The sutures are removed 14 days after the surgery.

The patient must make sure to wear a special elastic bra immediately before the surgery and during the recovery period.

How long does a breast reduction surgery last?

Depending on the complexity of the surgical procedure, breast reduction surgery may last 2-4 hours.

It is important to know that the scars must not be exposed to the sun or tanned in a tanning bed. In case you do sunbathe, cover the scar with a Band-Aid and apply sun cream with a high protection factor.

How long is the recovery and what is it like?

After the surgery, it is essential that the patient rests at home for at least 7 days. In that period, she should move her arms until she feels pain. For 4-6 weeks after the operation, she must not expose herself to any kind of physical effort, workout, or lift anything. She can resume these activities after the consultations with the surgeon.

She should not wear a wired bra for a couple of months after the surgery.

What can you feel after breast reduction surgery?

You may notice swelling and bruising in the first days after the surgery, but they will disappear with time. You will immediately feel great physical relief. Your back, shoulders, and neck will not hurt anymore.

Are there any risks or undesired outcomes?

As with any surgery, there are risks of bleeding, infection, and unwanted reaction to the anesthesia. Other possible complications are having scars, change in the breast and nipple skin sensitivity, insufficient supply to the breast and/or nipple tissue, and difficult milk production after childbirth.

  • Bleeding, infection, and difficult wound healing may occur.
  • Some patients may experience loss of nipple and areola sensation.

Breast lift

Why is breast lift done?

When a woman has an impression that her breasts got loosened, that there is excessive skin on the breasts, and that the nipples “point” downwards, she loses self-confidence and feels bad in her own body. The only way to solve that issue is a surgical one.

The causes for this issue can be:

  • a drastic change in breast volume during the pregnancy and breast-feeding period, when the ligaments stretch and do not support the breast tissue as well as before the pregnancy,
  • a substantial loss of weight, when a large amount of fat tissue from the breasts is lost too,
  • the gravitation that pulls the breasts down, which is especially visible among women in menopause.

A breast lift will not make the breasts bigger. If you want bigger breasts, you will have to undergo both breast lift and breast augmentation surgery at the same time.

If your breasts are loosened and oversized, then you should combine breast lift and breast reduction surgery.

Podizanje grudi 2

What is the preparation for breast lift surgery?

The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and included in the price. it includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and is included in the price. It includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.

It also includes :

  •  Internist and cardiovascular examination with ECG
  • Lung X-ray with a radiologist's reportLung X-ray with radiologist's report
  • Clinical examination by an anesthesiologist.
  • Ultrasound breast exam – mammography
  • Exam by a surgical oncologist if necessary.

If you are a smoker, it is necessary to stop smoking a few weeks before the surgery because smoking negatively affects the circulation and the healing process of wounds, thus prolonging the recovery time.

You will need to stop taking aspirin and any anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen three to five days before the intervention because they affect increased bleeding. At the same time, you will need to start taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clogs.

What you need to know is that at least 6-8 hours before the planned surgery, you should stop taking any food or drinks. You need to remove nail polish or gel polish from your fingernails. It is necessary to remove the complete makeup from the face and any piercings and jewelry. Do not apply body cream 4-6 hours before the surgery.

It is necessary to bring personal hygiene items and a personal document with a picture (ID card or passport), complete medical documentation and any medications that are part of your chronic therapy.

How is breast lift surgery done?

Breast lift surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

There are more surgical techniques, and which one will be used and where the incisions will be made is decided for each patient individually. During the consultative exam, the surgeon will explain, all the possibilities in the patient’s case and decide together with her on the type of surgical technique. The surgeon will mark the skin, i.e. draw the lines along which the incisions will be made. The photos will be taken to compare the outcome with the original state.

The patient must wear a special elastic bra immediately after the surgery and during the recovery.

How long does a breast lift last?

Breast lift surgery lasts 2-4 hours.

How long does the recovery from the breast lift last?

The patient is released from the hospital 24 hours after the surgery. The first dressing change and checkup are done 3 days after the surgery. Other dressing changes are arranged in agreement with the surgeon. The sutures are removed on the 14th day after the surgery.

Later, a cream for faster healing may be applied to the scars. Wearing a special elastic bra is recommended for 4-6 weeks in the recovery period.

You will be able to return to your daily routine within 2 weeks, and physical activities and sports are recommended only after 5-8 weeks. During sports activities, make sure to wear a sports bra.

What can you feel after breast lift surgery?

When the anesthesia wears off, you will start feeling pain, but it is quickly reduced with analgesics, i.e. painkillers that must not be aspirin or other medicine from that group. Besides pain, you may feel tension and pressure in the breasts, and there will be swelling for some time. Some patients may feel nipple numbness. All of these ailments will disappear within 7-14 days.

Are there risks and undesirable outcomes?

As with any other surgery, there are some risks of bleeding, infection, and negative reaction to the anesthesia. Other possible complications are the appearance of scars, change of sensitivity of breasts and nipple skin, insufficient blood supply to the tissue of breasts and/or nipples, and difficult milk production after childbirth.

Breast Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure that is done after mastectomy, i.e. breast removal as a part of cancer treatment. This procedure is a very important step in the post-operative period because it provides mental stability and brings back self-confidence to the woman.

Korekcija i zamena implantata FINAL

When is breast reconstruction surgery planned?

Breast reconstruction surgery does not have to be done right away after the oncological treatment ends but can be done at the moment the woman is ready for it. That period can be several months, and even up to several years after the mastectomy.

What is the preparation for breast reconstruction surgery?

The most important parts of the preparation for breast reconstruction surgery are clinical exams and consultation with the surgeon. After a thorough examination, the surgeon will be able to present all the variants of the surgery and suggest the optimal surgery in your case. You will agree on the size and the shape of the constructed breast.

The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and included in the price. it includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and is included in the price. It includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.

It also includes :

  • Internist and cardiovascular examination with ECG
  • Lung X-ray with a radiologist's reportLung X-ray with radiologist's report
  • Clinical examination by an anesthesiologist.
  • Ultrasound breast exam – mammography
  • An exam by a surgical oncologist if necessary.

If you are a smoker, you will need to stop smoking a few weeks before the surgery as smoking negatively affects the circulation and wound healing process, and expands the period of recovery.

You will need to stop taking aspirin and any anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen three to five days before the intervention because they affect increased bleeding. At the same time, you will need to start taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clogs.

What you need to know is that at least 6-8 hours before the planned surgery, you should stop taking any food or drinks. You need to remove nail polish or gel polish from your fingernails. It is necessary to remove the complete makeup from the face and any piercings and jewelry. Do not apply body cream 4-6 hours before the surgery.

It is necessary to bring personal hygiene items and a personal document with a picture (ID card or passport), complete medical documentation and any medications that are part of your chronic therapy.

How is breast reconstruction done?

There are two ways of performing breast reconstruction, and which one the surgeon will choose depends on the extent of the oncological surgery that removed a part, or the whole breast. Both methods are done under general anesthesia.

When only a part of a breast was removed and there is enough skin, it is usually possible to insert an implant.

The other procedure is “Tissue flap“. In this procedure, the patient’s tissue is collected from the abdomen or back (sometimes from a thigh or buttocks) to form the area for breast reconstruction. The collection of the abdominal tissue is called the TRAM flapThe collection of the tissue from the back is called the Latissimus dorsi flap. So to speak, in this case, a skin flap and a corresponding muscle underneath is used for the reconstruction after it is transferred to the place of the removed breast using a special surgical technique.

Zamena implantata 2

How long does the breast reconstruction surgery last?

Depending on the type of surgery, it can last between 2 and 6 hours. If the implant surgery is done it is simpler and it lasts up to 2 hours. The other type of surgery requires up to 6 hours.

What results can you expect?

After breast reconstruction:

  • You will get a constructed breast that looks natural.
  • The difference between the breasts will not be noticeable under clothes or a swimsuit.
  • You will feel good in your own body due to the feeling that both breasts are natural.
  • You will have your self-confidence back as you will feel like a complete woman.
  • You will not have the same sensitivity as in the healthy breast.

What is the recovery from breast reconstruction surgery?

The patient spends the first day after the surgery resting in bed, and she can only move her arms. She can get up and walk on the second day.

If the implantation is done the patient stays at the hospital for a day. The reconstructive surgery with the patient’s tissue requires the patient to stay at the hospital for 3 days.

Usually, the patient experiences pain in the operated zone, but it subsides soon after taking a painkiller. Swelling and bruises are common, but they disappear within 2-3 weeks.

Most women return to their usual routines within a month or two after the surgery. You should wait for at least three months after the surgery until you start working out or doing any other physically demanding activity.

Zamena implantata, reaugmentacija i korekcija defirmiteta grudi

Are there any risks of breast reconstruction surgery?

As with any surgery, there are risks of allergic reaction to anesthesia, bleeding, and infection, but they are brought to a minimum when the surgery is performed in a completely sterile surgical theatre and when the procedure is conducted by an experienced surgeon who follows the protocol strictly.

GYNECOMASTIA

What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a condition of enlargement of gland tissues as a consequence of the disbalance of sex hormones in men or boys. During puberty but also at the age of fifty in men, a sudden change of hormonal status may occur which leads to gynecomastia. It can appear in only one breast, as well as in both, sometimes unevenly. Gynecomastia can be followed by pain, nipples sensitive to touch, and swelling. Gynecomastia is often accompanied by lipomastia (pseudogynecomastia), which is the appearance of fat tissue in the area of breasts, which is usually the consequence of obesity.

If a man has bigger breasts that due to these disorders look like women’s breasts, it can be the cause of many frustrations. It is difficult to hide them under the clothes, and going to the beach where the breasts are directly exposed to the looks of others is especially unpleasant for those men. Unless gynecomastia naturally goes away, the solution for this issue is surgery.

What are the preparations for the surgery?

Before the surgery, it is necessary to find the cause of this disorder. It includes the exam of an internist-endocrinologist.

The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and included in the price. it includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.The complete process of preparation for the surgery is done at our clinic and is included in the price. It includes all the necessary laboratory analyses complete blood tests results, basic biochemical analysis with the coagulation factors, blood type, and RH factor.

It also includes :

  • Internist and cardiovascular examination with ECG
  • Lung X-ray with a radiologist's reportLung X-ray with radiologist's report
  • Clinical examination by an anesthesiologist.
  • Ultrasound breast exam – mammography
  • You have to shave your armpits and chests.

If you are a smoker, it is necessary to stop smoking a few weeks before the surgery because smoking negatively affects the circulation and the healing process of wounds, thus prolonging the recovery time.

You will need to stop taking aspirin and any anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen three to five days before the intervention because they affect increased bleeding. At the same time, you will need to start taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clogs.

What you need to know is that at least 6-8 hours before the planned surgery, you should stop taking any food or drinks.

It is necessary to bring personal hygiene items and a personal document with a picture (ID card or passport), complete medical documentation and any medications that are part of your chronic therapy.

How is gynecomastia surgery done?

The surgery starts by putting the patient under general anesthesia. The incisions are made around areolas (circles around nipples) and then the gland tissue is removed. If the patient has excess fat tissue, it is also removed, usually by liposuction. If the nipples have an unnatural position after the removal of a large amount of fat tissue, it is surgically corrected.

The first dressing change and check-up are done three days after the surgery. Other dressing changes are appointed in agreement with the surgeon. The sutures are removed 14 days after the surgery.

How long does a gynecomastia surgery last?

Gynecomastia surgery lasts 1-2 hours.

Are the scars visible after gynecomastia surgery?

The surgeon always tends to make incisions on the places where the skin naturally creases so the scars stay hidden. In any case, they fade out in a year and become unnoticeable. The result of the work of an experienced surgeon is symmetrical men’s breasts. You will be able to walk proudly and confidently shirtless on the beach.

Wearing an elastic bandage is recommended for 4 weeks after the surgery.

How long does the recovery from the gynecomastia surgery last?

The recovery lasts 2-4 weeks. The patient should take antibiotics for 5-10 days after the surgery. It is recommended that they rest at home for the first several days and take painkillers if needed. The patient should sleep on the back, not on the stomach, at least for a month after the surgery.

Doing intense physical activities is not recommended for the first 14 days, after you can do push-ups, run, and swim. You will be able to lift weights in the gym in 6 weeks after the surgery.

The patient usually returns to work within 3-5 days unless he does a physically demanding job.



Categories
Breasts, Surgery, Services